The artificial hip joint, also known as an implant or hip endoprosthesis, has two basic tasks: First, it should reduce pain and, second, it should facilitate unlimited functionality.
Unlimited functionality primarily also requires perfect muscle coordination. Otherwise full functionality and sports activities would not be possible (see also MicroHip).
The photo on the left shows the two fathers of modern hip endoprosthetics: Professor Sir Charnley and Professor Maurice E. Müller from Berne, Switzerland. When this picture was taken, they realized their great breakthrough with the introduction of the so-called “low-friction arthroplasty,” which describes an artificial joint with little friction.